9 C.F.R. §3.81 - Environment enhancement to promote psychological well-being

Cite as9 C.F.R. §3.81
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13 cases
  • Animal Legal Defense Fund, Inc. v. Glickman, Civil Action No. 96-00408.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. United States District Court (Columbia)
    • October 30, 1996
    ...15, 1991, which became effective on March 18, 1991. Id. Instead of setting standards, as the AWA directs, the agency's regulation at 9 C.F.R. § 3.81 provides that "Dealers, exhibitors, and research facilities must develop, document, and follow an appropriate plan for environment enhancement......
  • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Inc. v. U.S. Dep't of Agric., Civil Action No. 15–cv–00920–CMA
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. United States District Court of Colorado
    • May 2, 2016
    ...the Secretary. Specifically, the zoo (1) housed nonhuman primates in isolation without justification in violation of 183 F.Supp.3d 11419 C.F.R. § 3.81, (2) housed animals in facilities with inadequate fences in violation of 9 C.F.R. § 3.127(d), and (3) actively exhibited animals without a v......
  • Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Veneman, 04-15788.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • November 22, 2006
    ...primates, left the requirements for these "primary enclosures" more vaguely defined. See generally 56 Fed.Reg. 6426 (1991), codified at 9 C.F.R. § 3.81. The social grouping provision of the regulation, for example, contains no specific instruction regarding the pairing or grouping of animal......
  • Animal Legal Defense Fund, Inc. v. Glickman, s. 97-5009
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • September 1, 1998
    ...standards as cited in appropriate professional journals or reference guides, and as directed by the attending veterinarian." 9 C.F.R. § 3.81 (1997). Although these plans must be made available to the USDA, the regulated parties are not obligated to make them available to members of the publ......
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1 books & journal articles
  • Human-nonhuman chimeras in embryonic stem cell research.
    • United States
    • Harvard Journal of Law & Technology Vol. 21 No. 1, September 2007
    • September 22, 2007
    ...Health Improvement, Maintenance, and Protection Act of 2000, 42 U.S.C. § 287a-3a (2000); Animal Welfare Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 2131-59 (2000); 9 C.F.R. § 3.81 (2006); see also Symposium, The Evolving Legal Status of Chimpanzees, 9 ANIMAL L. 1 (175.) See 45 C.F.R. § 46.101-.409 (2006) (detailing g......

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