Title 9: Animals and Animal Products
CHAPTER III: FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SUBCHAPTER A: AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION
PART 319: DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS OF IDENTITY OR COMPOSITION
Subpart B: Raw Meat Products
319.15 - Miscellaneous beef products.
(a) Chopped beef, ground beef. ?Chopped Beef? or ?Ground Beef? shall consist of chopped fresh and/or frozen beef with or without seasoning and without the addition of beef fat as such, shall not contain more than 30 percent fat, and shall not contain added water, phosphates, binders, or extenders. When beef cheek meat (trimmed beef cheeks) is used in the preparation of chopped or ground beef, the amount of such cheek meat shall be limited to 25 percent; and if in excess of natural proportions, its presence shall be declared on the label, in the ingredient statement required by ? 317.2 of this subchapter, if any, and otherwise contiguous to the name of the product.
(b) Hamburger. ?Hamburger? shall consist of chopped fresh and/or frozen beef with or without the addition of beef fat as such and/or seasoning, shall not contain more than 30 percent fat, and shall not contain added water, phosphates, binders, or extenders. Beef cheek meat (trimmed beef cheeks) may be used in the preparation of hamburger only in accordance with the conditions prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section.
(c) Beef patties. ?Beef Patties? shall consist of chopped fresh and/or frozen beef with or without the addition of beef fat as such and/or seasonings. Binders or extenders, Mechanically Separated (Species) used in accordance with ? 319.6, and/or partially defatted beef fatty tissue may be used without added water or with added water only in amounts such that the product characteristics are essentially that of a meat pattie.
(d) Fabricated steak. Fabricated beef steaks, veal steaks, beef and veal steaks, or veal and beef steaks, and similar products, such as those labeled ?Beef Steak, Chopped, Shaped, Frozen,? ?Minute Steak, Formed, Wafer Sliced, Frozen,? ?Veal Steaks, Beef Added, Chopped?Molded?Cubed?Frozen, Hydrolyzed Plant Protein, and Flavoring? shall be prepared by comminuting and forming the product from fresh and/or frozen meat, with or without added fat, of the species indicated on the label. Such products shall not contain more than 30 percent fat and shall not contain added water or extenders. Transglutaminase enzyme at levels of up to 65 ppm may be used as a binder. Beef cheek meat (trimmed beef cheeks) may be used in the preparation of fabricated beef steaks only in accordance with the conditions prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section.
(e) Partially defatted beef fatty tissue. ?Partially Defatted Beef Fatty Tissue? is a beef byproduct derived from the low temperature rendering (not exceeding 120 ?F.) of fresh beef fatty tissue. Such product shall have a pinkish color and a fresh odor and appearance.
[35 FR 15597, Oct. 3, 1970, as amended at 38 FR 29215, Oct. 23, 1973; 43 FR 26424, June 20, 1978; 47 FR 10784, Mar. 12, 1982; 47 FR 28257, June 29, 1982; 66 FR 54916, Oct. 31, 2001]