49 CFR 192.105 - Design formula for steel pipe.
Title 49: TransportationSubtitle B: Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) CHAPTER I: PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SUBCHAPTER D: PIPELINE SAFETY PART 192: TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Subpart C: Pipe Design 192.105 - Design formula for steel pipe.(a) The design pressure for steel pipe is determined in accordance with the following formula: P=(2 St/D)?F?E?T P=Design pressure in pounds per square inch (kPa) gauge. S=Yield strength in pounds per square inch (kPa) determined in accordance with ? 192.107. D=Nominal outside diameter of the pipe in inches (millimeters). t=Nominal wall thickness of the pipe in inches (millimeters). If this is unknown, it is determined in accordance with ? 192.109. Additional wall thickness required for concurrent external loads in accordance with ? 192.103 may not be included in computing design pressure. F=Design factor determined in accordance with ? 192.111. E=Longitudinal joint factor determined in accordance with ? 192.113. T=Temperature derating factor determined in accordance with ? 192.115. (b) If steel pipe that has been subjected to cold expansion to meet the SMYS is subsequently heated, other than by welding or stress relieving as a part of welding, the design pressure is limited to 75 percent of the pressure determined under paragraph (a) of this section if the temperature of the pipe exceeds 900 ?F (482 ?C) at any time or is held above 600 ?F (316 ?C) for more than 1 hour. [35 FR 13257, Aug. 19, 1970, as amended by Amdt. 192-47, 49 FR 7569, Mar. 1, 1984; Amdt. 192-85, 63 FR 37502, July 13, 1998]